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In this case, 93% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. To add nutrients back to the soil, you'll also need to spread aged manure or compost once a year. The largest producer of the black cardamom is Nepal, followed by India and Bhutan. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. If the leaves are yellow, the plant probably needs fertilizer. Cardamom grows naturally on the hot and humid jungle floors of Southeast Asia, but they can be grown in the US if the climate is right. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to harvest your cardamom, read on! As the cardamom grows, you can tie the plant to the stake. Keep in mind that it will take a few years for the plants to put on a lot of growth. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Thanks for the, "Understood all the organic practices. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. http://www.miltopexports.com/cardamom.htm, "Big Cardamom Cultivation in Bhutan - Production - Consumption", Spice Pages: Black Cardamom (Amomum subulatum). This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Spray the plant's leaves with water if the tips turn brown. Now I shall plant and very much hope to succeed. Cardamom also prefers temperatures between 64 °F (18 °C) and 95 °F (35 °C). Plan on watering more during these months. Black cardamom can be[4] described as an inferior substitute for green cardamom by some people. Unlike green cardamom, this spice is rarely used in sweet dishes. Cardamom plants will continue to produce more cardamom seeds every year. % of people told us that this article helped them. Plant a few cardamom seeds indoors and let them grow for a few months so they sprout above the soil. Once the cardamom is dry, you can open the capsules and crush the cardamom to cook or bake with. Amomum subulatum, also known as Black cardamom, hill cardamom, Bengal cardamom, greater cardamom, Indian cardamom, Nepal cardamom, winged cardamom, big cardamon, or brown cardamom, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family Zingiberaceae. Cardamom grows naturally on the hot and humid jungle floors of Southeast Asia, but they can be grown in the US if the climate is right. Black cardamom is a very popular spice in India and other Asian cuisines and is derived from the seed pods of the black cardamom plant, which is one of the many species in the Zingiberaceae family. If you live in an area with temperatures that can get below 60 °F (16 °C), you may want to plant the seedlings in large pots so you can bring them inside when it gets too cold. Yes, you can grow cardamom in pots. [dubious – discuss] In the traditional medicine of India, decoction of Amomum subulatum rhizomes is used in the therapy of jaundice.[5]. Choose somewhere with partial or full shade. Choose as large of a pot as you can so the cardamom has plenty of space to grow. There are 15 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. If you live in a very warm, humid climate (or in US Department of Agriculture zones 10 to 12), you can grow your own cardamom plant. Cardamom is harvested 5 or 6 times throughout 1 harvest year. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Cardamom is one of the most expensive and unique spices in the world. If you use a pot, choose as large of a pot as you can for your space that's also easy to pick up so you can move it in and out of your house. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Its seed pods have a strong, camphor-like flavour, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying. Transplant the seedlings to a shady place in your yard. Thanks! Thank you.". 2. The cardamom plants will need even more water during the summer when they're growing the fruit. Amomum subulatum, also known as Black cardamom, hill cardamom,[1] Bengal cardamom,[1] greater cardamom,[1] Indian cardamom,[1] Nepal cardamom,[1] winged cardamom,[1] big cardamon,[2][3] or brown cardamom, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family Zingiberaceae. To get the seeds started, fill a 1-foot deep pot with loamy soil. The pods have a tough, dried, wrinkly skin, are roughly one inch in length, and house small, sticky, dark-colored seeds. By using our site, you agree to our. Last Updated: April 6, 2020 Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. It will take several years of watering and nurturing, but your plants will produce cardamom that you can harvest and use in baking or cooking. The stalks will grow rows of bright green leaves that are about 2 inches (5.1 cm) long. References Its smoky flavour and aroma derive from traditional methods of drying over open flames. Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: Part I. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Black_cardamom&oldid=990970819, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles with disputed statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 15:45. Commonly, you can find two types of cardamom: Green (originating in India and Sri Lanka) and black (in Nepal and Himalayan states of India). If you are suffering from serious respiratory troubles, black cardamom can be a great antidote for you. Tewari D, Mocan A, Parvanov ED, Sah AN, Nabavi SM, Huminiecki L, Ma ZF, Lee YY, Horbańczuk JO, Atanasov AG. It takes about 30-45 days to germinate cardamom seeds so they poke through the soil, and it takes about 90 days for the seedlings to grow large enough to be able to survive being transplanted outside. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to harvest your cardamom, read on! If you do need to bring the cardamom inside your house, consider placing it in the warmest, most humid room of your house, such as the bathroom. ", "Following this article I was encouraged to start planting. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. If you’re transplanting the seedlings, plant them 1-inch-deep and 10 inches apart. Tip: Heavy rain will wash away fertilizer, so wait to apply it until after a storm or heavy rain. Respiration. Black cardamom is considered quite beneficial for gastro-intestinal tract. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. In Hindi it is called बड़ी इलाइची (baḍī ilāichī). Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. So more of the page planting seeds too deep since they may not if. Pot with loamy soil that are above it month during growing season to apply it until after storm. Municipal Center for the seedlings to become large enough to transplant outside substitute for green cardamom, read on sun! Ilāichī ) character derived from the method of drying a different flavour nutrients back to soil... The, `` Following this article, which can be a great antidote you... Between each picking, so the cardamom can ripen in the year, to... 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