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License. Aside from genuine spiritual conviction, African leaders may have recognised that adopting Islam (or seeming to) would be beneficial to trade. Many native converts studied & became scholars, missionaries, & even saints, & so Islam came to be seen no longer as a foreign religion but a black African one. Swahili cities trade had been going on since the first century CE but Swahili Civilisation didn’t begin its rapid development until the 8th century when Arab traders arrived seeking goods that they could trade on the vast Indian Ocean network. The commercially most active peoples, the Dyula, Hausa and Dyakhanke, were among the first to be converted when their respective countries came into contact with Muslims. Mosques on the Swahili Coast, for example, had neither the minarets or inner courtyard typical of mosques elsewhere in the Islamic world. The blending of Islam. The Spread of Islam in Africaby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Where the Europeans traded extensively such as on the western coast of Africa states like the Kingdom of Kongo (14-19th century CE) became Christian, and from the 16th century CE, Islamic domination of the Swahili coast was challenged. Islam became the religion of the elites in West Africa which meant that Muslim kings were trying to extend their power over largely non-Muslim populations which worshipped traditional African gods and spirits. ISLAM: ISLAM IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Islam entered Africa within decades of its inception in the seventh century ce. when Muhammad advised a number of his early disciples, who were facing persecution by the pre-Islamic inhabitants of the Mecca, to seek refuge across the Red Sea in Axum. Followers believe in the guidance of their ancestors spirits. One noted Timbuktu scholar was the saint Sharif Sidi Yahya al-Tadilsi (d. c. 1464 CE) who became the patron saint of the city. With the expansion of this mainly salt-for-gold … The first kings we have a record of adopting Islam were from Ghana which is recorded as the first empire in West Africa. In 642 AD, Egypt was brought under Muslim rule, and the Arab military subsequently ventured into regions surrounding Egypt. With the adoption of Islam by the rulers of the Kingdom of Kanem (c. 900 - c. 1390 CE) between the 11th and 13th century CE and Hausaland from the late 14th century CE, the religion’s encirclement of Africa below the Sahara Desert was complete. The Spread of Islam in Ancient Africa. From there, it spread via Islamized Berbers (who had been variously coerced or enticed to convert) in the 8th century CE along the trade routes which crisscrossed West Africa, moving from the east coast into the interior of central Africa, finally reaching Lake Chad. Cartwright, Mark. Traditional African religion is based on oral traditions, which means that the basic values and way of life are passed from elders to younger generation. Mosques were built such as Timbuktu’s Great Mosque (aka Djinguereber or Jingereber), and Koranic schools and universities were established which quickly gained an international reputation. In East Africa, Islam faced stiff competition from Christianity which was firmly entrenched in Nubia and states such as the Kingdoms of Faras (aka Nobatia), Dongola, and Alodia, and in the Kingdom of Axum (1st - 8th century CE) in what is today Ethiopia. Which formed a network of trade ports Portuguese arrived in Africa on both the how did islam spread to africa and East coasts they. Still has influence over him or her even if they live far away Islam didn ’ prosper!, Egypt was brought under Muslim rule, and more with flashcards, games, and other more! 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